The incumbent president of Tunisia was re-elected for a fifth term with 89.62% of the votes cast in October 2009.
President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, 73 years old, has been in power since 7 November 1987, when he deposed the first
president of independent Tunisia, Habib Bourguiba. This new term of office is theoretically his last: the Constitution
as amended in 2002 allows successive terms, but limits a presidential candidate's age to 75.
International observers and the opposition parties denounced highly unequal media coverage of the presidential campaign to the benefit
of the incumbent president and some irregularities during the elections, but did not dispute the victory of President Zine El Abidine Ben
Ali. His re-election should make it possible to ensure regime stability in the medium and the long term. Nevertheless, security remains an
essential problem in Tunisia as the situation continues to be troubling throughout North Africa. Several recent incidents in Morocco and Algeria have
shown that militant Islamist groups have rekindled their activities in the Maghreb. In December 2006 and January 2007, the Tunisian
security forces fought and dismantled groups associated with the Al-Qaeda Organisation in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM). The question of
succession to the presidency, which is essential for the country's stability, has not yet been prepared.
Political troubles have increased slightly in Tunisia since 2007 but remain below the average for sub-Saharan Africa. However, it has
been noted that there is a hardening of the political regime in election years.
But final this month Mr Ben Ali decided to give up the power after the people had enough of living condition getting
worse in Country and forced him out of power.